++ EBRD and World Bank shall withdraw from projects – further assessment requested ++
Radolfzell, Vienna, December 7, 2015. For the time being, no hydropower projects are to be built in Mavrovo National Park in Macedonia. This was decided at the meeting of the Bern Convention Standing Committee – Europe’s most important nature convention – in Strasbourg last Friday (December 4, 2015). According to this decision, the Macedonian government must stop all construction projects inside the national park and conduct an extensive Strategic Environmental Assessment. The recommendations are also directed at the international financiers of the hydropower projects, particularly at the EBRD (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development) and the World Bank, which intend to fund the two biggest projects. In total, the Macedonian government is planning the construction of 22 hydropower plants within the Mavrovo National Park.
The Bern Convention now demands a Strategic Environmental Assessment, which involves examining the cumulative effect of all projected hydropower and infrastructure projects in the Mavrovo National Park. “This is a stage win for nature protection. We call on the banks to withdraw from the projects, effective immediately. From the Macedonian government, we expect the implementation of all recommendations of the Bern Convention“, says Gabriel Schwaderer, CEO of nature conservation foundation EuroNatur, who participated in the meeting of the Bern Convention Standing Committee as observer. “We will precisely analyse the results of the stipulated environmental assessment. The construction of hydropower projects inside the Mavrovo National Park stands in stark contrast to the goals of protection. For this reason, we expect that the assessment will lead to the ultimate stop of the projects”.
Originally, the Secretariat of the Bern Convention had prepared significantly more far-reaching recommendations on the basis of a comprehensive expert report. This report was weakened due to political pressure by the Macedonian government. Macedonia was backed by countries planning similar hydropower projects in national parks and other nature conservation areas.
“A total of 113 hydropower plants are projected in midst of national parks in the Balkans. On that account, the decision about the projects in Mavrovo National Park is of high significance. Hydropower plants have no place in national parks”, says Ulrich Eichelmann from Riverwatch.
The Strategic Environmental Assessment ought to give special attention to the flora and fauna that was decisive for the nomination of the Mavrovo National Park as Emerald site. Emerald sites correspond to Natura 2000 areas in European counties outside the European Union. The Bern Convention recommends to particularly examining the effect of the planned projects on the Balkan Lynx, a subspecies of the Eurasian Lynx that has been classified as acutely endangered by the World Conservation Union IUCN. The Mavrovo National Park is the last known area, in which this extremely rare cat is still reproducing. Furthermore, with 1,138 currently known animal species and 1,435 plant species, the Mavrovo National Park is a European hotspot for biodiversity.
- Due to the opposition of Macedonian NGOs in cooperation with EuroNatur Foundation, Riverwatch as well as numerous other stakeholders, the Bern Convention Standing Committee decided to initiate proceedings against Macedonia and to send an expert commission in December 2014. The results of the in situ fact finding mission served as basis for discussion and decision-making at the meeting of the Bern Convention Standing Committee on December 1-4, 2015
- Recommendations of the Standing Committee of the Bern Convention (see pages 56/57)
- Expert report
- About Mavrovo National Park
- Bern Convention: Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats
- Macedonia ratified the Bern Convention in 1997. Recommendations of the Bern Convention are binding for member states and a violation is a breach of international law.
- About the campaign “Save the Blue Heart of Europe“:The hydropower dams in Mavrovo National Park constitute only one wave of a true dam tsunami that is putting Balkan Rivers at risk. About 2700 new dams are currently projected between Slovenia and Albania. In order to counteract this spate of destruction, ‘EuroNatur’ and ‘RiverWatch’ have launched the “Save the Blue Heart of Europe” campaign in cooperation with local partner in the respective Balkan counties. Find out more here: http://www.balkanrivers.net/
- Our Macedonian partner NGOs: Front 21/42, Eko-Sense, MES
EuroNatur, Konstanzer Str. 22, 78315 Radolfzell, Tel.: +49 7732 - 92 72 10, email@example.com, http://www.euronatur.org/Landing-page.1709.0.html, contact person: Gabriel Schwaderer, press contact: Katharina Grund